By Dolores Delgado-Campbell
Hispanic Heritage Month begins in the U.S. on September 15 of each year and celebrates several of the independence struggles in Latin America from 1810- through the 1820’s. Spain ruled most of Latin America from 1521 until 1820. The movements of independence from Spanish rule began most notably on Sept. 15, 1810 in Dolores , Mexico with the Grito de Dolores when Fr, Miguel Hidalgo declared Mexico’s independence from Spain.
More about the history further down, but what about this complex and at times confusing term Hispanic?
Hispanic or Latino, refers to people in the U.S. from Puerto Rican, South or Central American, as well as the indigenous people of the once dominant Spanish empire in the Americas. The majority of these people do not call themselves Hispanic.
The divisions and contentions over the terms Hispanic, Latino, Mexican Americans, Chicanos and others have complex historical antecedents. We are not going to resolve them here- although we will suggest a operational “solution”.